Brucellosis is an infection caused by a bacteria.
The bacteria infects livestock such as sheep, goats, cattle, deer, elk, and pigs. The infection can pass to humans through:
Rarely, it can pass between people by:
Your risk may be higher if you:
Symptoms often appear within 2 to 4 weeks after infection. Some may appear earlier or several months later. Early symptoms may involve:
Some symptoms may last longer or happen later such as:
Women who have the infection early in their pregnancy may have a higher risk of miscarriage.
Your doctor will ask about your symptoms and health history. Questions about travel history may also be asked. A physical exam will be done. There are a number of issues that may cause your symptoms. Tests will help your doctor find a cause. Tests may include:
Brucellosis goes away on its own in most people. Some health problems can linger. Early care may help to lower the chance of long-term health problems.
Steps to lower the chances of brucellosis include:
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
US Department of Agriculture
Public Health Agency of Canada
Brucellosis. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website. Available at: https://www.cdc.gov/brucellosis. Updated September 13, 2017. Accessed September 27, 2019.
Brucellosis. EBSCO DynaMed Plus website. Available at: http://www.dynamed.com/topics/dmp~AN~T115233/Brucellosis. Updated August 4, 2017. Accessed September 27, 2019.
Patel PJ, Kolawole TM, Sharma N, a-Faqih S. Sonographic findings in scrotal brucellosis. J Clin Ultrasound. 1988;16(7):483-486.
Last reviewed September 2019 by David L. Horn, MD, FACP
Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.